Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • NEWS AND VIEWS

Closing in on what motivates motivation

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type

from$1.95

to$39.95

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 570, 40-42 (2019)

doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-019-01589-6

References

  1. Mohebi, A. et al. Nature 570, 65–70 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Matsuda, W. et al. J. Neurosci. 29, 444–453 (2009).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Schultz, W. J. Neurophysiol. 80, 1–27 (1998).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Fiorillo, C. D., Tobler, P. N. & Schultz, W. Science 299, 1898–1902 (2003).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Sulzer, D., Cragg, S. J., Rice, M. E. Basal Ganglia 6, 123–148 (2016).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Howe, M. W. & Dombeck, D. A. Nature 535, 505–510 (2016).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Brown H. D., McCutcheon, J. E., Cone, J. J., Ragozzino, M. E., Roitman, M. F. Eur. J. Neurosci. 34, 1997–2006 (2011).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Phillips, P. E., Stuber, G. D., Heien, M. L., Wightman, R. M. & Carelli, R. M. Nature 422, 614–618 (2003).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Roitman, M. F., Stuber, G. D., Phillips, P. E., Wightman, R. M. & Carelli, R. M. J. Neurosci. 24, 1265–1271 (2004).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Wassum, K. M., Ostlund, S. B. & Maidment, N. T. Biol. Psychiatry 71, 846–854 (2012).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Howe, M. W., Tierney, P. L., Sandberg, S. G., Phillips, P. E. & Graybiel, A. M. Nature 500, 575–579 (2013).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Hamid, A. A. et al. Nature Neurosci. 19, 117–126 (2016).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Syed, E. C. et al. Nature Neurosci. 19, 34–36 (2016).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. Bartra, O., McGuire, J. T. & Kable, J. W. Neuroimage 76, 412–427 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Patriarchi, T. et al. Science 360, eaat4422 (2018).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  16. Threlfell, S. et al. Neuron 75, 58–64 (2012).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. Cachope, R. et al. Cell Rep. 2, 33–41 (2012).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Subjects

Latest on:

Nature Careers

Jobs

  • Associate or Senior Editor (Chemical Engineering), Nature Sustainability

    Associate or Senior Editor (Chemical engineering), Nature Sustainability Locations: New York, Philadelphia, Berlin, or Heidelberg Closing date: Aug...

    New York City, New York (US)

    Springer Nature Ltd

  • Postdoctoral Research Scientist - Mouse Model

    The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Center for Precision Psychiatry & Mental Health is seeking a Postdoctoral Research Scientist for the Mouse Model.

    New York City, New York (US)

    Columbia University Irving Medical Center / Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons

  • Postdoctoral Research Scientist - IPSC Program

    The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Center for Precision Psychiatry & Mental Health is seeking a Postdoctoral Research Scientist - IPSC Program.

    New York City, New York (US)

    Columbia University Irving Medical Center / Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons

  • Postdoctoral Research Scientist - Xenotransplantation

    The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Center for Precision Psychiatry & Mental Health is seeking a Postdoctoral Research Scientist -Xentotransplantation.

    New York City, New York (US)

    Columbia University Irving Medical Center / Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons

  • Postdoctoral Associate- Neuroscience

    Houston, Texas (US)

    Baylor College of Medicine (BCM)

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing

Search

Quick links