Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Model and manage the changing geopolitics of energy

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 569, 29-31 (2019)



  1. Global Commission on the Geopolitics of Energy Transformation. A New World: The Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation (IRENA, 2019).

    Google Scholar 

  2. International Energy Agency. Outlook for Producer Economies: What Do Changing Energy Dynamics Mean for Major Oil and Gas Exporters? (IEA, 2018).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Van de Graaf, T. & Bradshaw, M. Int. Aff. 94, 1309–1328 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Bazilian, M., Sovacool, B. & Moss, T. Glob. Policy 8, 422–425 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Goldthau, A. & Westphal, K. Glob. Policy (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Competing Interests

Morgan Bazilian and Kirsten Westphal have served as members of the Expert Panel advising the IRENA Global Commission.


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links