Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Celebrate the women behind the periodic table

Ida Noddack

German chemist Ida Noddack left industry to hunt for missing elements, and co-discovered rhenium. Credit: KU Leuven University Archives

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 565, 559-561 (2019)



  1. Quinn, S. Marie Curie: A Life (Perseus, 1995).

    Google Scholar 

  2. Rayner-Canham, M. F. & Rayner-Canham, G. W. Women in Chemistry: Their Changing Roles from Alchemical Times to the Mid-Twentieth Century 61–63 (American Chemical Society & Chemical Heritage Foundation, 2001).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Rentetzi, M. Trafficking Materials and Gendered Experimental Practices: Radium Research in Early Twentieth Century Vienna (Columbia Univ. Press, 2009)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Rayner-Canham, M. F. & Rayner-Canham, G. W. Harriet Brooks: Pioneer Nuclear Scientist (McGill–Queen’s Univ. Press, 1992).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Ramsay, W. Nature 76, 269 (1907).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Rutherford, E. & Brooks, H. T. Trans. R. Soc. Can. (Ser. 2, Sec. III) 7, 21–25 (1901).

    Google Scholar 

  7. Rutherford, E. Nature 64, 157–158 (1901).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Sime, R. L. Lise Meitner. A Life in Physics (Univ. California Press, 1996).

    Google Scholar 

  9. Van Tiggelen, B. in Chemical Sciences in the 20th Century: Bridging Boundaries (ed. Reinhardt, C.) 131–145 (Wiley, 2001).

    Google Scholar 

  10. Noddack, I. Angew. Chem. 47, 653–656 (1934).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Lykknes, A., Opitz, D. & Van Tiggelen, B. (eds) For Better or For Worse? Collaborative Couples in the Sciences (Springer, 2012).

    Google Scholar 

  12. Adloff, J.-P. & Kauffman, G. B. Chem. Educ. 10, 378–386 (2005).

    Google Scholar 

  13. Hoffman, D. C., Ghiorso, A. & Seaborg, G. T. The Transuranium People (Imperial Coll. Press, 2000).

    Google Scholar 

  14. Brown, J. E. African American Women Chemists 115–123 (Oxford Univ. Press, 2012).

    Google Scholar 

  15. Hamilton, A. Exploring the Dangerous Trades: The Autobiography of Alice Hamilton, M.D. (Northeastern Univ. Press, 1943).

    Google Scholar 

  16. Shindell, M. The Life and Science of Harold C. Urey (Univ. Chicago Press, in the press).

Download references


Latest on:

Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links