Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Elusive torque sensed by liquid crystals

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Nature 564, 350-351 (2018)



  1. Parsegian, V. A. & Weiss, G. H. J. Adhes. 3, 259–267 (1972).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Somers, D. A. T., Garrett, J. L., Palm, K. J. & Munday, J. N. Nature 564, 386–389 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Casimir, H. B. G. Proc. K. Ned. Akad. Wet. 51, 793–795 (1948).

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Lifshitz, E. M. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 29, 94–110 (in Russian) (1955); Sov. Phys. 2, 73–83 (1956).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Woods, L. M. et al. Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 045003 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Lamoreaux, S. K. Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 5–8 (1997).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Hertlein, C., Helden, L., Gambassi, A., Dietrich, S. & Bechinger, C. Nature 451, 172–175 (2008).

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Ajdari, A., Peliti, L. & Prost, J. Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1481–1484 (1991).

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Ziherl, P., Podgornik, R. & Žumer, S. Chem. Phys. Lett. 95, 99–104 (1998).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Quach, J. Q. Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 081104 (2015).

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Lu, B.-S. & Podgornik, R. J. Chem. Phys. 145, 044707 (2016).

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Smith, E. R. & Ninham, B. W. Physica 66, 111–130 (1973).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Capasso, F., Munday, J. N., Iannuzzi, D. & Chan, H. B. IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 400–414 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links