NATURE BRIEFING

Friday briefing: A US island faces the end of the world

Meet the inhabitants of a US island under threat from climate change, hear that France has acknowledged its role in torturing and murdering an Algerian mathematician, and see our pick of the best images, features and culture from the week in science.

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Hello Nature readers, welcome to your weekly roundup of science news, images, features and culture.

Hurricane Florence in the Atlantic Ocean, as seen from the International Space Station on 12 September.Credit: NASA

NEWS

Why Hurricane Florence is a new kind of threat

Hurricane Florence, a powerful storm currently bearing down on the United States’s southeastern seaboard, formed at an unusually high latitude and is much more erratic and slower than most. Civil engineer Rick Luettich at the University of North Carolina’s Coastal Resilience Center tells Nature how he is predicting Florence’s impact — and why it might well represent a new kind of threat.

Nature | 6 min read

France admits murder of Algerian mathematician

French President Emmanuel Macron has officially recognized that the French army tortured and killed Maurice Audin, a mathematician and communist-party member who disappeared in 1957 during the Algerian war of independence. His statement also acknowledged — for the first time — that that the French army systematically used torture as “a legally instituted system” during the war. “This is a historic moment in a highly sensitive case,” says Cédric Villani, mathematician and member of the French parliament, who has campaigned for six years for the state to acknowledge responsibility for Audin’s death.

Nature | 3 min read

R&D funding has recovered since 2008 crash

Ten years after the 2008 economic crash, research and development (R&D) has recovered and climbed, reveal data from the 36 countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Disparities exist between countries, however. Some are still reeling from the economic crash, and even those that have recovered are experiencing shifts in how research is funded.

Nature | 6 min read

Cannibals and cursing win Ig Nobel Prizes

This year’s winners of the Ig Nobel prizes include archaeologist James Cole, for calculating the caloric intake from a human-cannibalism diet, and a group that analysed swearing while driving. The awards for research “that first make people laugh, and then make them think” are presented in a free-wheeling ceremony that includes several bona fide Nobel laureates and an eight-year-old timekeeper who interrupts long-winded speakers by repeating, "Please stop. I'm bored."

Ars Technica | 10 min read

Reference: Scientific Reports paper & Journal of Sociology and Anthropology paper

NEWS ROUND-UP

Top stories from earlier in the week:

• Artificially intelligent search engines such as Iris.ai, Semantic Scholar and Microsoft Academic are offering to help navigate the vast landscape of academic knowledge. By revealing hidden connections between findings, they can even suggest new hypotheses for guiding experiments.

Nature | 8 min read

• For her final column in The British Medical Journal, physician Margaret McCartney summarizes 4 years of pieces in a pithy list of 36 bite-sized conclusions.

The British Medical Journal | 5 min read

• The Broad Institute has won a pivotal CRISPR patent battle. A decision by the US appeals court spells defeat for a team of inventors at the University of California, led by molecular biologist Jennifer Doudna.

Nature | 3 min read

FEATURES & OPINION

Celebrate the mathematics of Emmy Noether

Algebra pioneer Emmy Noether deserves wider recognition on the centenary of her namesake theorem, argues a Nature editorial. As well as answering a conundrum in general relativity, her namesake theorem became a guiding principle for the discovery of new physical laws. The fact that she changed the scientific world against the backdrop of intense sexist and anti-semitic discrimination makes her achievement all the more impressive.

Nature | 5 min read

A US island faces the end of the world

In 2015, a study warned that Tangier Island in Chesapeake Bay is so at risk from sea-level rise driven by climate change, it might have to “be abandoned in as few as 25 years”. Last June, US President Donald Trump telephoned the island’s mayor to disagree, saying, “Tangier has been here for hundreds of years, and it would be here for hundreds more”. Buffeted by a political storm, many of Tangier’s residents are willing to go down with their homes.

Pacific Standard | 23 min read

Reference: Scientific Reports paper

FEATURES & OPINION ROUND-UP

Top stories from earlier in the week:

• The court didn’t get the science right in the CRISPR patent dispute between the University of California and the Broad Institute, argues legal scholar (and former scientist) Jacob Sherkow — but it applied the law correctly.

STAT | 8 min read

• An analysis of the Scopus database found that hundreds of authors publish the equivalent of 1 paper every 5 days. A survey answered by 81 of the hyperprolific researchers revealed common themes: team leadership, interdisciplinary work, collaboration, generosity and “sleeping only a few hours per day”.

Nature | 12 min read

BOOKS & ARTS

Katherine Briggs (R) and her daughter Isabel Myers-Briggs (L) in an undated photo.

Isabel Briggs Myers (left) and her mother, Katharine Cook Briggs (right).Credit: Myers & Briggs Foundation

The self-made women who made the Myers–Briggs

Isabel Briggs Myers and Katharine Cook Briggs wove an interest in psychoanalyst Carl Jung and some unusual child-rearing techniques into a scientifically dubious personality quiz that went global: the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). A new book about the mother–daughter team skips over the psychology of personality, but delves into two fascinating lives, says psychologist S. Alexander Haslam.

Nature | 6 min read

Helmholtz, the last polymath

Hermann von Helmholtz, the nineteenth century physician, inventor, experimentalist, physicist and philosopher, also happened to be a skilled networker and salesperson of all things scientific. A monumental new biography successfully grapples with “a legacy so rich it is difficult to grasp,” writes reviewer Henning Schmidgen.

Nature | 5 min read

The long entanglement of war and astrophysics

A new book from astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson and writer-researcher Avis Lang reveals how looking at the stars has always been both ‘pure’ science and an adjunct of war-making. It traces an epic sweep of history with brutal honesty, says reviewer Sharon Weinberger, but surprisingly omits the voices of current scientists who work with the military.

Nature | 6 min read

INFOGRAPHIC OF THE WEEK

Half of all clinical trials in the European Union do not comply with guidelines that say results must be reported within a year.

Half of all clinical trials in the European Union do not comply with guidelines that say results must be reported within a year.

RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS

The amount of water required to produce food across the United Kingdom, France and Germany could fall significantly if local people were to adopt healthy pescetarian or vegetarian diets. Even if people adhered to national dietary guidelines that include healthy amounts of meat, countries’ dietary ‘water footprint’ would fall by 11–55%, depending on regional eating habits.

Nature Research Highlights | 1 min read

Reference: Nature Sustainability paper

Get more of Nature’s Research Highlights: short picks from the latest papers.

SCIENTIFIC LIFE

How to talk to your principal investigator

Two PhD students describe their recipe for successful meetings with principal investigators: ask about all aspects of their job; prepare an agenda for each meeting; and negotiate new experiments without explicitly saying ‘no’.

Nature | 4 min read

How to get a funded internship in industry

The US National Science Foundation (NSF) is expanding its internship programme for graduate student supported by NSF grants. At a time when available US industry positions far outnumber job openings in academia, the internships can give students real-world training for their future.

Nature | 4 min read

Turn off digital distractions to get more done

Immunologist John Tregoning shares evidence-based life hacks to combat the distractions that are nibbling away at our ability to think big thoughts. Here’s how to tame your email, procrastinate smarter and learn to be productively bored.

Nature | 6 min read

IMAGE OF THE WEEK

A veterinarian tends to a rescued baby black gibbon

A veterinarian tends to a rescued baby black gibbon (Symphalangus syndactylus) at a local nature conservation agency's office in Banda Aceh, Aceh province on 13 September 2018. Siamangs are listed as 'endangered' in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. (Chaideer Mahyuddin/AFP/Getty)

See more of the best science images of the month selected by Nature’s photo team.

NATURE PODCAST

“Even nowadays we sometimes don’t understand the reasoning behind an artist producing a piece of art.”

Archaeologist Silvia Bello puts the mysterious 73,000-year-old markings found in a South African cave into context in this week’s Nature Podcast. Plus: the hidden costs of all our data.

Nature Podcast | 24 min listen

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Thanks for reading!

Flora Graham, senior editor, Nature Briefing

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