The Canadian academic workforce is not as diverse as the nation’s general labour force, according to a report by the Canadian Association of University Teachers in Ottawa, which represents about 70,000 academic professionals. The report, called Underrepresented and Underpaid, finds that 1.4% of university professors identify as Aboriginal, compared with 3.8% of the nation’s labour force. Black people make up 2% of university teachers but 3.1% of the nation’s workforce. And although 48.5% of all assistant professors are women, just 27% of full professors are, the report found. Women are also underrepresented in science, technology, maths and engineering across Canadian institutions, the report said. They comprise 24.8% of all full-time faculty members in physical and life sciences and technologies; 27.6% in agriculture, natural resources and conservation; and 20.6% in maths, computer technology and information sciences. Female full-time faculty members earn an average of Can$123,225 (US$97,700) — 90% of their male counterparts’ pay.
Nature 556, 399 (2018)