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A toothy predator punctured this shell of an Aldabra tortoise, an animal that can reach 250 kilograms.

A toothy predator punctured this shell of an Aldabra tortoise, an animal that can reach 250 kilograms. Credit: T. M. Scheyer et al./Royal Soc. Open Sci./CC BY 4.0

Palaeontology

Extinct crocodile tackled challenging prey

Even immense tortoises weren’t safe from this island predator.

An ancient crocodile that measured more than 3.5 metres from snout to tail was large enough to tackle super-sized prey.

The Aldabra tortoise (Aldabrachelys gigantea) lives on an island of the same name in the Indian Ocean and can measure up to 1.2 metres in length. Adult animals have no natural predators, because no animal can open its mouth wide enough to crack their shell. Near a pond on the island, members of a team headed by Torsten Scheyer and Dennis Hansen of the University of Zurich in Switzerland found fossilized remains of these tortoises that dated to between 90,000 and 125,000 years ago. The fossils bore puncture marks and scratches characteristic of a predator attack.

At the same site, the researchers found fossils from the same period of a 3-to-4-metre-long crocodile that is now extinct. These huge predators may have attacked giant tortoises that came to drink from the pond, the authors say.

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Atmospheric science

Smoke from Australian fires turned up the heat in the southern sky

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Optics and photonics

One screen, three images — some invisible in ordinary light

A graphene-based device can display several images simultaneously using a range of wavelengths.
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Environmental sciences

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Atomic and molecular physics

An atom shuffles its electrons at ultrahigh speed — and is caught in the act

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Renewable energy

Solar panels that throw shade on canals are an environmental win–win

Placing solar arrays over canals would prevent water loss and improve panels’ energy harvest.
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