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Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 22, 949-950 (2023)
The authors wish to thank Jeffrey Algazy, Joachim Bleys, Sam White, Ester Friedlaenderova, Thomas Devenyns, Rachel Moss, Michael Steinmann and Chris Anagnostopoulos for their contributions to this article.
The authors of this article are employees of McKinsey & Company, a management consultancy that works with the world’s leading biopharmaceutical and biotechnology companies. The research for this specific article was funded by McKinsey’s Life Sciences practice.