Concurrent Session 6

Dermal fibroblasts, an old population in new environments

Tissue engineering has become a new promising approach for repairing tissue defects and restoring tissue function in recent years. Based on the principle of tissue engineering, seeding cells play a crucial and indispensable role during the tissue regeneration process. Dermal fibroblasts are the major cell type in dermis and are commonly accepted as terminally differentiated cells. However, several reports demonstrated that dermal fibroblasts also present adipogenic, osteogenic, or chondrogenic potential. Unfortunately, there is yet no evidence that a single dermal fibroblast can differentiate into all these cell types. In the first study, we isolated dermal fibroblasts from human foreskin and clonal analyzed their adipogenic, osteogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation potential. Results from 47 clones showed that 6.4% of the clones were tri-potent, 19.1% of the clones were bi-potent, and 10.6% of the clones were single-potent, leaving 63.9% of the clones without any differentiation potential that have been tested, indicating that dermal fibroblasts are a heterogeneous population containing progenitors with different levels of differentiation potential. Furthermore, one of the three tri-potent clones exhibited neurogenic and hepatogenic differentiation potential. In the following study, we investigated whether dermal fibroblast could be utilized for tissue regeneration. Based on the idea that tissue specific environment plays an important role in cell fate determination, we utilized a corneal stroma-engineering model and demonstrated that dermal fibroblasts could switch their phenotype to corneal stroma cells in corneal environment. In addition, the implanted cells could functionally restore corneal transparency. Other examples have also been tested in tendon and cartilage regeneration. Dermal fibroblasts could successfully repair damaged tendon, but partially contribute to cartilage regeneration. Our work confirms the idea that in vivo niche is very important for cell fate determination and brings new insights into an old population. Further enrichment of multipotent cells from pooled population of dermal fibroblasts is under investigation.

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Correspondence to Wen Jie Zhang or Wei Liu.

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Zhang, W., Liu, W., Cui, L. et al. Dermal fibroblasts, an old population in new environments. Cell Res 18, S114 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1038/cr.2008.204

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Keywords

  • tissue engineering
  • dermal fibroblast
  • multipotency
  • cornea
  • tendon
  • cartilage

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