Table 2 Absolute risk of cancer and 95% CIs for a cancer diagnosis among patients with a diagnosis of epistaxis or haemoptysis, by follow-up time, Denmark 1995–2013

From: Risk of cancer in patients with epistaxis and haemoptysis

Follow-up time All cancers Haematological cancers Immune-related cancers Smoking- and alcohol-related cancers All other sites
Epistaxis
0–90 days 0.59 (0.54, 0.65) 0.11 (0.09, 0.13) 0.11 (0.09, 0.13) 0.19 (0.16, 0.22) 0.19 (0.16, 0.22)
91–365 days 1.73 (1.64, 1.83) 0.20 (0.17, 0.24) 0.41 (0.37, 0.46) 0.62 (0.56, 0.67) 0.50 (0.46, 0.56)
>1–5 years 7.00 (6.82, 7.19) 0.50 (0.45, 0.55) 1.78 (1.69, 1.88) 2.67 (2.55, 2.79) 2.06 (1.95, 2.16)
>5–14 years 19.1 (18.6, 19.6) 1.12 (0.98, 1.27) 5.45 (5.14, 5.78) 7.04 (6.73, 7.36) 5.50 (5.22, 5.79)
Haemoptysis
0–90 days 3.78 (3.51, 4.06) 0.10 (0.06, 0.16) 0.05 (0.02, 0.09) 3.32 (3.07, 3.58) 0.30 (0.23, 0.39)
91–365 days 5.08 (4.77, 5.41) 0.18 (0.13, 0.25) 0.29 (0.22, 0.37) 4.04 (3.77, 4.34) 0.57 (0.47, 0.69)
>1–5 years 10.1 (9.60, 10.5) 0.42 (0.33, 0.53) 1.56 (1.37, 1.77) 6.14 (5.79, 6.51) 1.93 (1.72, 2.15)
>5–14 years 24.9 (23.5, 26.4) 1.40 (1.09, 1.78) 5.24 (4.59, 5.95) 12.89 (11.80, 14.02) 5.39 (4.79, 6.04)
  1. Abbreviation: CI=confidence interval.