Table 1 Characteristics of patients with a diagnosis of epistaxis or haemoptysis, Denmark 1995–2013

From: Risk of cancer in patients with epistaxis and haemoptysis

Characteristic Epistaxis Haemoptysis
Number of patient 80 460 18 487
Median follow-up time, years (25th–75th percentiles) 6.4 (2.8, 11) 5.7 (2.3, 10)
Location of diagnosis   
 In patient 7760 (9.6) 5221 (28)
 Out patient visit 8066 (10) 11 235 (61)
 Emergency room 64 634 (80) 2031 (11)
Type of diagnosis   
 Primary diagnosis 74 356 (92) 15 964 (86)
 Secondary diagnosis 6104 (7.6) 2523 (14)
Sex   
 Female 31 737 (39) 7 029 (38)
 Male 48 723 (61) 11 458 (62)
Age at diagnosis, years (25th–75th percentiles) 59 (32, 73) 55 (42, 67)
Age group at diagnosis (years)   
 0–30 19 159 (24) 2021 (11)
 31−55 16 135 (20) 7186 (39)
 56−65 13 494 (17) 4028 (22)
 66−75 14 185 (18) 3164 (17)
 76−85 12 261 (15) 1741 (9.4)
85 5226 (6.5) 347 (1.9)
Calendar period of diagnosis   
 1995−1999 23 023 (29) 3679 (20)
 2000−2004 22 222 (28) 5196 (28)
 2005−2009 20 468 (25) 5304 (29)
 2010−2013 14 747 (18) 4308 (23)
Charlson Comorbidity Index score category   
 0 54 416 (68) 11 854 (64)
1 26 044 (32) 6 633 (36)
Charlson Comorbidity Index diseases   
 Myocardial infarction 5372 (6.7) 1097 (5.9)
 Congestive heart failure 4982 (6.2) 887 (4.8)
 Peripheral vascular disease 3618 (4.5) 926 (5.0)
 Cerebrovascular disease 7544 (9.4) 1171 (6.3)
 Dementia 843 (1.1) 108 (0.58)
 Chronic pulmonary disease 6505 (8.1) 2882 (16)
 Connective tissue disease 2110 (2.6) 577 (3.1)
 Ulcer disease 3518 (4.4) 1030 (5.6)
 Mild liver disease 1356 (1.7) 439 (2.4)
 Diabetes type 1 and 2 3962 (4.9) 871 (4.7)
 Hemiplegia 226 (0.28) 49 (0.27)
 Moderate to severe renal disease 1826 (2.3) 316 (1.7)
 Diabetes with end-organ damage 1982 (2.5) 440 (2.4)
 Moderate to severe liver disease 447 (0.56) 115 (0.62)
 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 38 (0.05) 24 (0.13)
Other comorbidities   
 Pneumonia 6978 (8.7) 2534 (14)
 Tuberculosis 259 (0.32) 354 (1.9)
 Abscess 3834 (4.8) 1345 (7.3)
 Bronchiectasis 101 (0.13) 134 (0.72)
 Pulmonary embolism 900 (1.1) 317 (1.7)
 Deep venous thrombosis 21 145 (26) 5163 (28)
Inpatient proceduresa   
 Endoscopy of upper airways or bronchoscopy 1950 (4.0) 1892 (15)
 Procedure or surgery for epistaxis 8029 (17) 13 (1)
  1. Data are numbers (percentages) unless otherwise indicated.
  2. aFor inpatients starting in 2002.