Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

High-affinity recombinant phage antibodies to the pan-carcinoma marker epithelial glycoprotein-2 for tumour targeting


The tumour-associated antigen epithelial glycoprotein-2 (EGP-2) is a promising target for detection and treatment of a variety of human carcinomas. Antibodies to this antigen have been successfully used in patients for imaging of small-cell lung cancer and for adjuvant treatment of minimal residual disease of colon cancer. We describe here the isolation and complete characterization of high-affinity single-chain variable fragments (scFv) to the EGP-2 antigen. First, the binding kinetics of four murine whole antibodies directed to EGP-2 (17-1A, 323/A3, MOC-31 and MOC-161) were determined using surface plasmon resonance (SPR). The MOC-31 antibody has the lowest apparent off-rate, followed by MOC-161 and 323/A3. The V-genes of the two MOC hybridomas were cloned as scFv in a phage display vector and antigen-binding phage were selected by panning on recombinant antigen. The scFvs compete with the original hybridoma antibodies for binding to antigen and specifically bind to human carcinomas in immunohistochemistry. MOC-31 scFv has an off-rate which is better than those of the bivalent 17-1A and 323/A3 whole antibodies, providing it with an essential characteristic for tumour retention in vivo. The availability of these high-affinity anti-EGP-2 antibody fragments and of their encoding V-genes creates a variety of possibilities for their future use as tumour-targeting vehicles.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Roovers, R., Henderikx, P., Helfrich, W. et al. High-affinity recombinant phage antibodies to the pan-carcinoma marker epithelial glycoprotein-2 for tumour targeting. Br J Cancer 78, 1407–1416 (1998).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links