Immunohistochemical expression of SKALP/elafin in squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus

Article metrics

Abstract

In this study, the immunohistochemical expression of a new inducible elastase inhibitor, SKALP (skin-derived anti-leucoproteinase)/elafin, in the tissue of squamous cell carcinoma and uninvolved oesophageal mucosa was studied using a polyclonal rabbit anti-serum against SKALP/elafin. The results were compared with the immunohistochemical staining of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and the TUNEL assay in serial sections. In non-malignant oesophageal mucosa, the expression of SKALP/elafin was localized in the cells of the stratified zone overlying the PCNA-positive basal zone. In oesophageal cancer, the incidence of the expression was significantly related to the degree of the differentiation of the tumour. Characteristically, the expression was almost limited in tumour cell nests that had a clear squamous phenotype. In tumour cell nests, the expression of SKALP/elafin was localized in the cells overlying PCNA-expressing cells and no expression was found in the cells that expressed PCNA; DNA fragmentation was often observed in the same cell layers as those in which SKALP/elafin immunoreactivity was found. This enzyme inhibitor is speculated to be involved in the induction of the cell differentiation and apoptosis of human squamous cell carcinoma cells of the oesophagus.

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Yamamoto, S., Egami, H., Kurizaki, T. et al. Immunohistochemical expression of SKALP/elafin in squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus. Br J Cancer 76, 1081–1086 (1997) doi:10.1038/bjc.1997.511

Download citation

Further reading