Thirty tumorous lesions from seven patients with colorectal cancer were short-term cultured and cytogenetically analysed: 16 non-adenomatous polyps, six adenomas, seven carcinomas, including one in polyp, and one lymph node metastasis. Clonal chromosome aberrations were found in 20 samples in 100% of the carcinomas, in 100% of the adenomas and in 37.5% of the non-adenomatous polyps, i.e. all ten lesions with a normal karyotype were histologically diagnosed as hyperplastic polyps. Although adenomas and carcinomas shared several karyotypic features, two chromosome aberrations, der(8;17)(q10;q10) and -14, were found in carcinomas but not in adenomas, indicating that they might be specifically associated with carcinoma development in the large bowel mucosa. The karyotypic similarity seen between the malignant and benign tumours in the same patient, and also sometimes among non-malignant polyps in the same case, indicates that these microscopically distinct lesions may be part of a single neoplastic clonal expansion.
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Bardi, G., Parada, L., Bomme, L. et al. Cytogenetic comparisons of synchronous carcinomas and polyps in patients with colorectal cancer. Br J Cancer 76, 765–769 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1997.459
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