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Testicular invasion and relapse and meningeal involvement in a rat T-cell leukaemia

Abstract

During the haematogenous dissemination of this acute rat T-cell (Roser) leukaemia, infiltration of both epididymal and testicular interstitial tissue has now been demonstrated, probably as an invariable occurrence. The gonadal duct system itself was not invaded. In contrast to an earlier histopathological study with this leukaemia, meningeal invasion has also been encountered during routine passage. Furthermore, subsequent to remissions induced by carmustine (BCNU), relapse could occur as long as 80 days after the 20 day end point in control animals. This was associated with extensive infiltration of the meninges as well as in the male gonadal interstitium, the proximal epididymis being particularly vulnerable. Two doses of carmustine at intervals of one week could eradicate the disease even during the phase of logarithmic growth of the leukaemic cells, this result depending upon the level of treatment and time of dosing post-inoculation with leukaemic cells. Females carrying the disease were shown to be more readily cured than males, probably related to entry of leukaemia cells into the gonadal interstitium. This T-cell leukaemia appears to be an excellent model for the study and prospective chemotherapy of testicular relapse in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

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Jackson, H., Jackson, N., Bock, M. et al. Testicular invasion and relapse and meningeal involvement in a rat T-cell leukaemia. Br J Cancer 50, 617–624 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1984.228

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