Original Article | Published:

Cardiovascular Pharmacology

Expression and purification of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, a key enzyme involved in atherosclerosis

Abstract

Aim:

To express and purify lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), and to establish a screening model for Lp-PLA2 inhibitors using the expressed Lp-PLA2.

Methods:

We cloned the full-length cDNA of Lp-PLA2 from differentiated THP-1 cells, and subcloned the cDNA into the baculovirus transfer vector pFastBac1. In addition, we introduced an N-terminal Kozak sequence for high-level translation initiation and a C-terminal sequence of 6 histidine residues for purification. The fusion enzyme was expressed in Sf9 insect cells and purified by Ni2+ affinity chromatography. Recombinant Lp-PLA2 activity was measured using [3H]PAF as a substrate, and we examined the enzyme activity of recombinant Lp-PLA2 pretreated with the known Lp-PLA2 inhibitor SB435495.

Results:

We successfully cloned the full-length Lp-PLA2 gene from differentiated THP-1 cells. The fusion enzyme was expressed in Sf9 insect cells at a high level and purified efficiently through a 2-step procedure. The recombinant Lp-PLA2 activity was measured using [3H]PAF as a substrate, and proved to be enzymatically active. Lp-PLA2 inhibitor SB435495 produced a good inhibition curve for inhibition of recombinant Lp-PLA2 with an IC50 of 57±1 μmol/L.

Conclusion:

We expressed and purified Lp-PLA2 at a high level in insect cell-baculovirus expression system. The yield ratio was much greater than that obtained from human plasma and we established a screening model for Lp-PLA2 inhibitors using the expressed Lp-PLA2.

Additional information

Project supported by the Research Foundation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No KSCX1-SW-11-6).

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Correspondence to Yi-ping Wang.

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Keywords

  • lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2
  • atherosclerosis
  • coronary heart diseases
  • cloning
  • baculovirus
  • purification