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Perinatal/Neonatal Case Book

Idiopathic Neonatal Giant Cell Hepatitis Presenting With Acute Hepatic Failure on Postnatal Day One

Abstract

We report a term male infant presenting on postnatal day 1 with fulminant hepatic failure. Described congenital infection, metabolic disorders, and cardiovascular etiologies of acute neonatal liver failure were assessed and eliminated. A liver biopsy on postnatal day 10 showed neonatal giant cell hepatitis (NGCH) with an unusual degree of fibrosis for this early postnatal age. NGCH is a clinical diagnosis of cholestatic disorders of unknown etiology in the newborn, and, to our knowledge, has not been previously associated with immediate neonatal hepatic failure. The giant cell transformation is a common response to a variety of insults and only rarely occurs beyond the neonatal period. Most cases present with cholestatic jaundice and varying degrees of coagulopathy, and, many, as in this case, show progressive resolution.

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Correa, K., Nanjundiah, P., Wirtschafter, D. et al. Idiopathic Neonatal Giant Cell Hepatitis Presenting With Acute Hepatic Failure on Postnatal Day One. J Perinatol 22, 249–251 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jp.7210670

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