What came first: oxygen-producing photosynthesis, or compounds that protect cells from oxygen-induced damage? It emerges that one such compound might have been produced in microbes before Earth's oxygenation.
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RETRACTED ARTICLE: The quantum physiology of oxygen; from electrons to the evolution of redox signaling in the human brain
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Ruszczycky, M., Liu, Hw. The surprising history of an antioxidant. Nature 551, 37–38 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/551037a