Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Predatory journals: fortify the defences


Ongoing initiatives are crucial for keeping researchers informed about predatory journals and the fraudulent strategies they use to recruit submissions (see P. Sorokowski et al. Nature 543, 481–483; 2017). For example, these journals will often add names of real researchers to their editorial boards for credibility, but without consent. We urge all scholarly publishers to join the fight against such practices.

Beall's online list of potential, possible or probable predatory open-access publishers, now discontinued, was invaluable for dealing with harassment by predatory journals. An anonymous website now provides a record of the entire list (see, but it will need to be continually updated using Beall's criteria if it is to be effective.

Publishers could help by providing guidelines for choosing reliable journals in which to publish. An example is the 'Think. Check. Submit' initiative (, which is supported by respected organizations and publishers such as the Directory of Open Access Journals and Springer Nature.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Vinicius J. Giglio.

Related links

Related links

Related links in Nature Research

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Giglio, V., Luiz, O. Predatory journals: fortify the defences. Nature 544, 416 (2017).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Further reading


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing