Research Highlights | Published:

Ecology

Ants farm plants in Fiji

Nature volume 539, page 471 (24 November 2016) | Download Citation

Image: Guillaume Chomicki

A species of ant in Fiji survives by farming six plant species. The ants nurture seedlings and then live in the cavities of the plants.

Guillaume Chomicki and Susanne Renner of the University of Munich in Germany found that Philidris nagasau ants carry seeds of six species of Squamellaria plant and insert them into cracks in trees, where they germinate (pictured). The ants also fertilize the seeds with their waste, and are only found living near these plants.

Although ants are known to farm fungi, this is the first time they have been found to plant seeds and actively cultivate them. Examining the family trees of relatives of these ants and plants suggests that this mutually dependent relationship evolved around 3 million years ago.

About this article

Publication history

Published

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/539471e

Authors

    Comments

    By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.

    Newsletter Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing