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Twenty-five years of low-cost solar cells

In 1991, an energy-efficient solar cell was reported that was both simple in design and relatively inexpensive. This invention has since inspired the development of solar cells that have even higher efficiencies.

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Figure 1: The evolution of solar cells.


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Correspondence to Mohammad K. Nazeeruddin.

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Nazeeruddin, M. Twenty-five years of low-cost solar cells. Nature 538, 463–464 (2016).

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