Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Condensed-matter physics

Attractive electrons from nanoengineering

Electrons repel each other because they are negatively charged. An experiment now confirms a fifty-year-old theory that electrons can also attract one another as a result of repulsion from other electrons. See Letter p.395

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: The excitonic mechanism for attractive electrons.


  1. See all news & views


  1. Hamo, A. et al. Nature 535, 395–400 (2016).

    Article  CAS  ADS  Google Scholar 

  2. Little, W. A. Phys. Rev. 134, A1416–A1424 (1964).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  3. Bardeen, J., Cooper, L. N. & Schrieffer, J. R. Phys. Rev. 106, 162–164 (1957).

    Article  MathSciNet  CAS  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. Hirsch, J. E. & Scalapino, D. J. Phys. Rev. B 32, 117–134 (1985).

    Article  CAS  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. Jérome, D. in The Physics of Organic Superconductors and Conductors (ed. Lebed, A) 3–16 (Springer, 2008).

    Book  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Takis Kontos.

Related links

Related links

Related links in Nature Research

Superconductivity: The persistence of pairs

Electron pairing without superconductivity

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kontos, T. Attractive electrons from nanoengineering. Nature 535, 362–363 (2016).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing