Bovine tuberculosis: Badger-cull targets unlikely to reduce TB

Two months ago, the government-advice body Natural England approved further licensed badger culls in parts of the United Kingdom in 2015. The aim is to reduce local badger densities by at least 70% to prevent the spread of tuberculosis (TB) to cattle (see On the basis of the government's badger-population estimates, we calculate that these culls are unlikely to achieve the necessary reduction.

The latest minimum cull numbers derive from the lower 95% confidence bounds on population size estimates. For example, licensees in Dorset are required to kill at least 615 badgers in a population estimated at 879–1,547 animals (95% confidence interval). Killing this number would give an estimated population reduction of between 39.8% and 70% (95% confidence interval).

Equivalent confidence intervals for the 2015 (third annual) Somerset and Gloucestershire culls are, respectively, 50.8–70% and 54–70% relative to the baseline population estimates. It is therefore unlikely that a 70% or greater reduction can be attained by these minimum cull numbers, assuming that the population estimates are accurate.

Evidence from a randomized controlled trial shows that better prospects for the control of cattle TB are offered by badger populations that are either reduced by more than 70% or left undisturbed — and potentially vaccinated (C. A. Donnelly et al. Nature 439, 843–846; 2006). The choice depends on a range of epidemiological, economic, social and ecological factors.


Author information


  1. Imperial College London, UK.

    • Christl A. Donnelly
  2. Institute of Zoology, London, UK.

    • Rosie Woodroffe


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Competing interests

C.A.D. and R.W. were members of the Independent Scientific Group on Cattle TB that designed, oversaw and analysed the Randomised Badger Culling Trial. C.A.D. is a consultant on the Defra-funded project ‘Developing a surveillance system to report TB in cattle herds exposed to badger control in England - SE3131’. R.W. is a principal investigator, and C.A.D. is co-investigator, on the Defra-funded project ‘A study to examine the interactions between cattle and badgers - SE3046’.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Christl A. Donnelly.


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