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Geophysics

Ancient roots of Earth's magnetism

Nature volume 524, page 9 (06 August 2015) | Download Citation

Earth may have developed a magnetic field as early as four billion years ago — more than half a billion years earlier than was thought.

John Tarduno at the University of Rochester in New York and his colleagues measured faint magnetic signals of iron-bearing minerals trapped inside zircon crystals up to four billion years old from the Jack Hills region of Western Australia. They found that the magnetic field fluctuated in strength, from a value similar to today's field (around 25 microteslas) to about 12% of that.

An ancient magnetic field when the planet was only about 500 million years old would have been a good, if imperfect, shield against the solar wind. This could have made the young planet more hospitable to life, the authors say.

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https://doi.org/10.1038/524009c

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