The family based association test method: strategies for studying general genotype–phenotype associations

Abstract

With possibly incomplete nuclear families, the family based association test (FBAT) method allows one to evaluate any test statistic that can be expressed as the sum of products (covariance) between an arbitrary function of an offspring's genotype with an arbitrary function of the offspring's phenotype. We derive expressions needed to calculate the mean and variance of these test statistics under the null hypothesis of no linkage. To give some guidance on using the FBAT method, we present three simple data analysis strategies for different phenotypes: dichotomous (affection status), quantitative and censored (eg, the age of onset). We illustrate the approach by applying it to candidate gene data of the NIMH Alzheimer Disease Initiative. We show that the RC-TDT is equivalent to a special case of the FBAT method. This result allows us to generalise the RC-TDT to dominant, recessive and multi-allelic marker codings. Simulations compare the resulting FBAT tests to the RC-TDT and the S-TDT. The FBAT software is freely available.

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Correspondence to Steve Horvath.

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Horvath, S., Xu, X. & Laird, N. The family based association test method: strategies for studying general genotype–phenotype associations. Eur J Hum Genet 9, 301–306 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejhg.5200625

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Keywords

  • TDT
  • RC-TDT
  • linkage disequilibrium
  • missing genotypes
  • censored traits
  • FBAT

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