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Biodefence since 9/11: The price of protection

Since the anthrax attacks in 2001, some $60 billion has been spent on biodefence in the United States. But the money has not bought quite what was hoped.

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See Comment page 153

Erika Check Hayden is a senior reporter for Nature in San Francisco, California.

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NIAID biodefence resources


Biodefence funding, 2001–12

WMD Center's 2010 report

HHS Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasures Review

National Biodefense Science Board “Where are the Countermeasures” report

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Check Hayden, E. Biodefence since 9/11: The price of protection. Nature 477, 150–152 (2011).

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