Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Attosecond prints of electrons

Attosecond spectroscopy has been used to track the real-time motion of electrons in a krypton ion, and to probe the entanglement between an electron removed from the atom and the ion left behind.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: The first attosecond probe experiments.


  1. Goulielmakis, E. et al. Nature 466, 739–743 (2010).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Brumer, P. & Shapiro, M. Principles of the Quantum Control of Molecular Processes (Wiley, 2003).

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  3. Breidbach, J. & Cederbaum, L. S. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033901 (2005).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Hennig, H., Breidbach, J. & Cederbaum, L. S. J. Phys. Chem. A 109, 409–414 (2005).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Remacle, F. & Levine, R. D. Z. Phys. Chem. 221, 647–661 (2007).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Weinkauf, R. et al. J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 7702–7710 (1997).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Smirnova, O. Attosecond prints of electrons. Nature 466, 701–702 (2010).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing