Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Fish in Lévy-flight foraging

Lévy flights are a theoretical construct that has attracted wide interdisciplinary interest. Empirical evidence shows that the principle applies to the foraging of marine predators.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: Comparison of a Lévy flight with a Brownian random walk.


  1. Viswanathan, G. M. et al. Nature 401, 911–914 (1999).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Humphries, N. E. et al. Nature 465, 1066–1069 (2010).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Raposo, E. P., Buldyrev, S. V., da Luz, M. G. E., Viswanathan, G. M. & Stanley, H. E. J. Phys. A 42, 434003 (2009).

    ADS  MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Shlesinger, M. F. & Klafter, J. in On Growth and Form (eds Stanley, H. E. & Ostrowsky, N.) 279–283 (Kluwer, 1985).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Viswanathan, G. M. et al. Nature 381, 413–415 (1996).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Bartumeus, F., Peters, F., Pueyo, S., Marrasé, C. & Catalan, J. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 100, 12771–12775 (2003).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Sims, D. W. et al. Nature 451, 1098–1102 (2008).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. González, M. C., Hidalgo, C. A. & Barabási, A.-L. Nature 453, 779–782 (2008).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Buchanan, M. Nature 453, 714–716 (2008).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Viswanathan, G. M., da Luz, M. G. E., Raposo, E. P. & Stanley, H. E. The Physics of Foraging (Cambridge Univ. Press, in the press).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Viswanathan, G. Fish in Lévy-flight foraging. Nature 465, 1018–1019 (2010).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing