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Complex networks

The fragility of interdependency

A study of failures in interconnected networks highlights the vulnerability of tightly coupled infrastructures and shows the need to consider mutually dependent network properties in designing resilient systems.

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Figure 1: Interconnected networks of human mobility in North America.


Figure 2: Breakdown of isolated and interconnected networks.


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Vespignani, A. The fragility of interdependency. Nature 464, 984–985 (2010).

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