A force to fight global warming

Natural ecosystems and biodiversity must be made a bulwark against climate change, not a casualty of it, argue Will R. Turner, Michael Oppenheimer and David S. Wilcove.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1

Sources: WWF; UNEP-WCMC; Waycott, M. et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 106, 12377–12381 (2009); Millenium Ecosystem Assessment; IUCN Red List


  1. 1

    Transparency International Global Corruption Report 2009 (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2009).

  2. 2

    Hansen, J. et al. Open Atmos. Sci. J. 2, 217–231 (2008).

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Locke, H. & Mackey, B. Int. J. Wilderness 15, 7–13 (2009).

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Das, S. & Vincent, J. R. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 106, 7357–7360 (2009).

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Costanza, R. et al. Ambio 37, 241–248 (2008).

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Sailors' historic scourge may hold the key to bioenergy future (Press release, Univ. York, 2009); available at http://www.york.ac.uk/news-and-events/news/2009/gribbles-bioenergy

  7. 7

    IUCN 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2008); available at http://www.iucnredlist.org.

Download references

Author information



Ethics declarations

Competing interests

Michael Oppenheimer is a science adviser to the US Environmental Defense Fund, and receives remuneration from them.

Additional information

See Editorial, page 251 , and News Feature, page 266 . For the whole biodiversity special, see http://www.nature.com/darwin .

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Turner, W., Oppenheimer, M. & Wilcove, D. A force to fight global warming. Nature 462, 278–279 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1038/462278a

Download citation

Further reading


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing