Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • News & Views
  • Published:

Device physics

A terahertz modulator

Tiny metal resonators can be used to create a material with tunable responses to an applied voltage. Combined with a semiconductor substrate, they can be used to control technologically promising terahertz radiation.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: Chen and colleagues' resonant metamaterial modulator1.


  1. Chen, H.-T. et al. Nature 444, 597–600 (2006).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Veselago, V. G. Sov. Phys. Uspekhi 10, 509–514 (1968).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  3. Pendry, J. B., Holden, A. J., Stewart, W. J. & Youngs, I. Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773–4776 (1996).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Pendry, J. B., Holden, A. J., Robbins, D. J. & Stewart, W. J. IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075–2084 (1999).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. Shelby, R. et al. Science 292, 77–79 (2001).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Kleine-Ostmann, T., Dawson, P., Pierz, K., Hein, G. & Koch, M. Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3555–3557 (2004).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Kersting, R., Strasser, G. & Unterrainner, K. Elec. Lett. 36, 1156–1158 (2000).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Daniel, M. A terahertz modulator. Nature 444, 560–561 (2006).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing