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Failure and how to avoid it

Nothing lasts for ever, not least human civilizations. There are many reasons why societies stand or fall, and these lessons from the past require investigation at various places and on various timescales.

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Figure 1: Societal collapse: the case of the Classic Maya.


  1. *How Societies Chose to Fail or Succeed, Global Institute of Sustainability Workshop, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA, 31 January to 2 February 2006.


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Morrison, K. Failure and how to avoid it. Nature 440, 752–754 (2006).

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