Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Environmental science

The carbon cycle under stress

In the summer of 2003, Europe experienced an exceptionally hot and dry spell. That ‘natural experiment’ prompted a continental-scale analysis of how terrestrial ecosystems respond to such climatic extremes.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: Consequences of heat and drought.



  1. Ciais, Ph. et al. Nature 437, 529–533 (2005).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Keeling, C. D. & Whorf, T. P. in Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge Natl Lab., Oak Ridge, TN, 2005).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Petit, J. et al. Nature 399, 429–436 (1999).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Meehl, G. A. & Tebaldi, C. Science 305, 994–997 (2004).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Harte, J. et al. Ecol. Appl. 5, 132–150 (1995).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Jones, P. D. & Mann, M. E. Rev. Geophys. 42, doi:10.1029/2003RG000143 (2004).

  7. Jones, P. D. & Moberg, A. J. Clim. 16, 206–223 (2004).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Stott, P. A., Stone, D. A. & Allen, M. R. Nature 432, 610–613 (2004).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Chuine, I. et al. Nature 432, 289 (2004).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Menzel, A. & Fabian, P. Nature 397, 659 (1999).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Cox, P. M. et al. Nature 408, 184–187 (2000).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Falge, E. et al. Agric. For. Meteorol. 113, 53–74 (2002).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Baldocchi, D. The carbon cycle under stress. Nature 437, 483–484 (2005).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Further reading


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing