Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Environmental science

Carbon unlocked from soils

Changes in climate and land use are implicated as the main factors in the large-scale loss of carbon from soils in England and Wales over the past 25 years. The same picture is likely to apply much more broadly.

Your institute does not have access to this article

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. Bellamy, P. H., Loveland, P. J., Bradley, R. I., Lark, R. M. & Kirk, G. J. D. Nature 437, 245–248 (2005).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. German Advisory Council on Global Change. World in Transition: Towards Sustainable Energy Systems (Earthscan, London, 2004).

  3. Gleixner, G. et al. in Global Biogeochemical Cycles in the Climate System (eds Schulze, E. D. et al.) 201–216 (Academic, San Diego, 2001).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  4. Schulze, E. -D. (ed.) Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in European Forest Ecosystems (Springer, Berlin, 2000).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  5. Siemens, J. Science 302, 1681 (2003).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Worrall, F., Reed, M., Warburton, J. & Burt, T. Sci. Total Environ. 312, 133–146 (2003).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Tian, H. et al. Tellus B 51, 414–452 (1999).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Betts, R. A. et al. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 78, 157 (2004).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 


  10. Wang, S. et al. Tellus B 55, 416–427 (2003).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  11. Finnish Ministry of the Environment. Finland's Third National Communication under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Environ. Ministry, Helsinki, 2001).

  12. Sleutel, S. et al. Glob. Change Biol. 9, 1193–1203 (2003).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Schulze, E. D., Beck, E. & Müller-Hohenstein, K. Plant Ecology (Springer, Heidelberg, 2005).

    Google Scholar 

  14. Follett, R. F. Soil Tillage Res. 61, 77–92 (2001).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Schulze, E., Freibauer, A. Carbon unlocked from soils. Nature 437, 205–206 (2005).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Further reading


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing