When will we tame the oceans?

Article metrics

In fisheries across the world, fish stocks are declining fast. Future preservation and management of the ocean's resources will require a transformation of our relationship with the seas, argues John Marra.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Pauly, D. et al. Nature 418, 689–695 (2002).

  2. 2

    Dalton, R. Nature 435, 1014 (2005).

  3. 3

    Naylor, R. L. et al., Nature 405, 1017–1024 (2000).

  4. 4

    Diamond, J. Nature 418, 700–707 (2002).

  5. 5

    Myers, R. A. & Worm, B. Nature 423, 280–283 (2003).

  6. 6

    Pitcher, T. J. Ecol. Appl. 11, 601–617 (2001).

  7. 7

    Pitcher, T. J. Fish Fish. 1, 99–103 (2000).

  8. 8

    Pikitch, E. K. et al. Science 305, 346–347 (2004).

  9. 9

    Tilman, D. et al. Nature 418, 671–677 (2002).

  10. 10

    Goldburg, R. J. et al. Marine Aquaculture in the United States: Environmental Impacts and Policy Options. (Pew Oceans Com., Arlington, Virginia, 2001).

  11. 11

    Baldwin, K. et al. Mar. Technol. Soc. J. 34, 53–67 (2000).

  12. 12

    Goudey, C. A. in Proceedings Offshore Technologies for Aquaculture (ed. Biran, A.) 193–202 (Haifa, Israel, 1998).

  13. 13

    ICCAT Report of the ICCAT SCRS Skipjack Stock Assessment Session (ICCAT Report SCRS/99/21, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, 1999).

  14. 14

    Bromhead, D. H. et al. A Review of the Impact of Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs) on Tuna Fisheries (Dept. of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry, Canberra, Australia, 2003).

Download references

Acknowledgements

I thank G. Pontecorvo, H. J. Simpson, H. Bates, J. G. Shepard, J. Steele, N. Marra, M. Tobin and D. Bates for comments.

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Marra, J. When will we tame the oceans?. Nature 436, 175–176 (2005) doi:10.1038/436175a

Download citation

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.