Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Planetary science

Construction-site inspection

How do you build a planetary system? Astronomers are tackling the question by peering back in time at the gas and dust surrounding stars younger than our Sun.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: The β Pic disk, imaged in the mid-infrared at 11.7 µm by Telesco et al., shows a clump of hot dust far from the star.


  1. Telesco, C. M. et al. Nature 433, 133–136 (2005).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Okamoto, Y. K. et al. Nature 431, 660–663 (2004).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. van Boekel, R. et al. Nature 432, 479–482 (2004).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Gillett, F. C. in Light on Dark Matter (ed. Israel, F. P.) 61–69 (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1986).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  5. Smith, B. A. & Terrile, R. J. Science 226, 1421–1424 (1984).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Lagage, P. O. & Pantin, E. Nature 369, 628–630 (1994).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  7. Artymowicz, P. Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 25, 175–219 (1997).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Canup, R. M. Icarus 168, 433–456 (2004).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Hallenbeck, S. L. et al. Astrophys. J. 535, 247–255 (2000).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Bregman, J. D. et al. Astron. Astrophys. 187, 616–620 (1987).

    ADS  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Gail, H. -P. Astron. Astrophys. 413, 571–591 (2004).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Harker, D. E. & Desch, S. J. Astrophys. J. Lett. 565, L109–L112 (2002).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Weinberger, A. Construction-site inspection. Nature 433, 114–115 (2005).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing