In fewer than three dimensions, the behaviour of electrons in metals should change to that of a 'Tomonaga–Luttinger liquid'. A photoemission study of one-dimensional carbon nanotubes supports this prediction.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution
Subscribe to this journal
Receive 51 print issues and online access
$199.00 per year
only $3.90 per issue
Rent or buy this article
Get just this article for as long as you need it
Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout
Anderson, P. W. Science 177, 393–396 (1972).
Ishii, H. et al. Nature 426, 540–544 (2003).
Voit, J. Rep. Prog. Phys. 57, 977–1116 (1995).
Chang, A. M., Pfeiffer, L. N. & West, K. W. Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2538–2541 (1996).
Sekiyama, A., Fujimori, A., Aonuma, S., Sawa, H. & Kato, R. Phys. Rev. B 51, 13899–13902 (1995).
Bachtold, A. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6082–6085 (2000).
Liang, W. J. et al. Nature 411, 665–669 (2001).
Kane, C., Balents, L. & Fisher, M. P. A. Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 5086–5089 (1997).
Egger, R. & Gogolin, A. O. Eur. Phys. J. B 3, 281–300 (1998).
Bockrath, M. et al. Nature 397, 598–601 (1999).
Yao, Z., Postma, H. W. C., Balents, L. & Dekker, C. Nature 402, 273–276 (1999).
Dresselhaus, M. S., Dresselhaus, G. & Eklund, P. C. Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes (Academic, New York, 1996).
Balents, L. & Egger, R. Phys. Rev. B 64, 035310 (2001).
Bena, C., Vishveshwara, S., Balents, L. & Fisher, M. P. A. J. Statist. Phys. 103, 429–440 (2001).
Rights and permissions
About this article
Cite this article
Bockrath, M. Illuminating behaviour. Nature 426, 511–512 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1038/426511a