Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Chemical physics

How to keep dry in water

What does water look like close to biological surfaces? The question has provoked heated debate for decades. Experiments suggest that this 'vicinal' water may be markedly different from the bulk liquid.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Steitz, R. et al. Langmuir 19, 2409–2418 (2003).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Jensen, T. R. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 086101 (2003).

  3. Schwendel, D. et al. Langmuir 19, 2284–2293 (2003).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Yaminsky, V. & Ohnishi, S. Langmuir 19, 1970–1976 (2003).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Frank, H. S. & Evans, M. W. J. Chem. Phys. 13, 507–532 (1945).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Blokzijl, W. & Engberts, J. B. F. N. Angew. Chem. Int. Edn 32, 1545–1579 (1993).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Lum, K., Chandler, D. & Weeks, J. D. J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 4570–4577 (1999).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Parker, J. L., Claesson, P. M. & Attard, P. J. Phys. Chem. 98, 8468 (1994).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Tyrrell, J. W. G. & Attard, P. Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 176104 (2001).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Mashl, R. J. et al. Nano Lett. doi:10.1021/nl0340226 (2003).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ball, P. How to keep dry in water. Nature 423, 25–26 (2003).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing