Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

The dark side

Evidence for the existence of dark matter in the Universe is overwhelming. But how close are we to finding out what it really is?

Your institute does not have access to this article

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

$32.00

All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: The flat rotation curve.

GEMINI OBSERVATORY/GMOS TEAM

Figure 2: Consistency of the cosmological parameters.
Figure 3: The cosmic baryon abundance.

References

  1. Zwicky, F. Helv. Phys. Acta 6, 110–127 (1933).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  2. McKay, T. A. et al. Astrophys. J. 571, L85–L88 (2002).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Penzias, A. A. & Wilson, R. W. Astrophys. J. 142, 419–421 (1965).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Smoot, G. F. et al. Astrophys. J. 396, L1–L5 (1992).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Coles, P. Nature 389, 741–744 (1998).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Weinberg, S. Gravitation and Cosmology (Wiley, New York, 1972).

    Google Scholar 

  7. Freedman, W. L. et al. Astrophys. J. 553, 47–72 (2001).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Riess, A. G. et al. Astron. J. 116, 1009–1038 (1998).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Perlmutter, S. et al. Astrophys. J. 517, 565–586 (1999).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. de Bernardis, P. et al. Nature 404, 955–959 (2000).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Hanany, S. et al. Astrophys. J. 545, L5–L9 (2000).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Halverson, N. W. et al. Astrophys. J. 568, 38–45 (2002).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Sivers, J. L. et al. Preprint astro-ph/0205387 at <http://arXiv.org> (2002).

  14. Bennett, C. L. et al. Preprint astro-ph/0302207 at <http://arXiv.org> (2003).

  15. Weinberg, S. The First Three Minutes (Deutsch, London, 1977).

    Google Scholar 

  16. Fukuda, Y. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1562–1567 (1998).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Ahmad, Q. R. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 011301 (2002).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Eguchi, K. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 021802 (2003).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Milgrom, M. Sci. Am. 287, 42–52 (August 2002).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Bernabei, R. et al. Phys. Lett. B 480, 23–31 (2000).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Abusaidi, R. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5699–5703 (2000).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Benoit, A. et al. Phys. Lett. B 513, 15–22 (2001).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Hagmann, C. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2043–2046 (1998).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Yamamoto, K. et al. Preprint hep-ph/0101200 at <http://arXiv.org> (2001).

  25. Spergel, D. N. et al. Preprint astro-ph/0302209 at <http://arXiv.org> (2003).

  26. Olive, K. A., Steigman, G. & Walker, T. P. Phys. Rep. 389, 333–334 (2000).

    Google Scholar 

  27. Izotov, Y. I. & Thuan, T. X. Astrophys. J. 500, 188–216 (1998).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Kirkman, D. et al. Preprint astro-ph/0302006 at <http://arXiv.org> (2003).

  29. Fukugita, M., Hogan, C. J. & Peebles, P. J. E. Astrophys. J. 503, 518–530 (1998).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Masataka Fukugita.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Fukugita, M. The dark side. Nature 422, 489–491 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1038/422489a

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/422489a

Further reading

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing