Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Shady deals with lichens

In tropical forests, many species of lichen gain a place in the sun by living on the leaves of other plants. It seems they can do so without compromising the photosynthetic capacity of their host.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Anthony, P. A., Holtum, J. A. M. & Jackes, B. R. Funct. Ecol. 16, 808–816 (2002).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Richards, P. W. The Tropical Rainforest (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1957).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Roskoski, J. P. Oikos 37, 252–256 (1981).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Coley, P. D., Kursar, T. A. & Machado, J.-L Ecology 74, 619–623 (1993).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Kasahara, M. et al. Nature 420, 829–832 (2002).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Peter D. Moore.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Moore, P. Shady deals with lichens. Nature 421, 591–593 (2003).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing