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Behavioural science

Homo reciprocans

Humans are often generous, but cooperation unravels when others take advantage of them. Many people punish such 'free riders', even if they do not benefit personally, and this 'altruistic punishment' sustains cooperation.

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Bowles, S., Gintis, H. Homo reciprocans . Nature 415, 125–127 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1038/415125a

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