Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Efficacy and safety of pomegranate juice on improvement of erectile dysfunction in male patients with mild to moderate erectile dysfunction: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study


This randomized-controlled trial examined the efficacy of wonderful variety pomegranate juice versus placebo in improving erections in 53 completed subjects with mild to moderate erectile dysfunction. The crossover design consisted of two 4-week treatment periods separated by a 2-week washout. Efficacy was assessed using International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and Global Assessment Questionnaires (GAQ). Of the 42 subjects who demonstrated improvement in GAQ scores after beverage consumption, 25 reported improvement after drinking pomegranate juice. Further, 17 subjects showed preference of one beverage to the other. Subjects were more likely to have improved scores when pomegranate juice was consumed (P=0.058). Although overall statistical significance was not achieved, this pilot study suggests the possibility that larger cohorts and longer treatment periods may achieve statistical significance.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. Ignarro LJ, Byrns RE, Sumi D, de Nigris F, Napoli C . Pomegranate juice protects nitric oxide against oxidative destruction and enhances the biological actions of nitric oxide. Nitric Oxide 2006; 15: 93–102.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Aviram M, Dornfeld L, Rosenblat M, Volkova N, Kaplan M, Coleman R et al. Pomegranate juice consumption reduces oxidative stress, atherogenic modifications to LDL, and platelet aggregation: studies in human and in atherosclerotic apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. Am J Clin Nutr 2000; 71: 1062–1076.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Aviram M, Rosenblat M, Gaitini D, Nitecki S, Hoffman A, Dornfeld L et al. Pomegranate juice consumption for 3 years by patients with carotid artery stenosis reduces common carotid intima-media thickness, blood pressure and LDL oxidation. Clin Nutr 2004; 23: 423–433.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Kaiser DR, Billups K, Mason C, Wetterling R, Lundberg JL, Bank AJ . Impaired brachial artery endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilation in men with erectile dysfunction and no other clinical cardiovascular disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004; 43: 179–184.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Ganz P . Erectile dysfunction: pathophysiologic mechanisms pointing to underlying cardiovascular disease. Am J Cardiol 2005; 96 (Suppl): 8M–12M.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Azadzoi KM, Schulman RL, Aviram M, Siroky MB . Oxidative stress in arteriogenic erectile dysfunction: prophylactic role of antioxidants. J Urol 2005; 174: 386–393.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Rosen RC, Riley A, Wagner G, Osterloh IH, Kirkpatrick J, Mishra A . The International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF): a multidimensional scale for assessment of erectile dysfunction. Urology 1997; 49: 822–830.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Cappelleri JC, Rosen RC, Smith MD, Mishra A, Osterloh IH . Diagnostic evaluation of the erectile function domain of the International Index of Erectile Function. Urology 1999; 54: 346–351.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Agarwal A, Nandipati KC, Sharma RK, Zippe CD, Raina R . Role of oxidative stress in the pathophysiological mechanism of erectile dysfunction. Review. J Androl 2006; 27: 335–347.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


We thank Karen Edwards for her assistance throughout this clinical trial. This study was financially supported by POM Wonderful, LLC.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to C P Forest.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Forest, C., Padma-Nathan, H. & Liker, H. Efficacy and safety of pomegranate juice on improvement of erectile dysfunction in male patients with mild to moderate erectile dysfunction: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study. Int J Impot Res 19, 564–567 (2007).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • erectile dysfunction
  • pomegranate juice
  • antioxidants
  • endothelial function
  • nitric oxide

Further reading


Quick links