Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Penile length and circumference: an Indian study

Abstract

Apprehension about the normal size of penis is a major concern for men. Aim of the present investigation is to estimate the penile length and circumference of Indian males and to compare the results with the data from other countries. Results will help in counseling the patients worried about the penile size and seeking penis enlargement surgery. Penile length in flaccid and stretched conditions and circumference were measured in a group of 301 physically normal men. Erected length and circumference were measured for 93 subjects. Mean flaccid length was found to be 8.21 cm, mean stretched length 10.88 cm and circumference 9.14 cm. Mean erected length was found to be 13.01 cm and erected circumference was 11.46 cm. Penile dimensions are found to be correlated with anthropometric parameters. Insight into the normative data of penile size of Indian males obtained. There are significant differences in the mean penile length and circumference of Indian sample compared to the data reported from other countries. Study need to be continued with a large sample to establish a normative data applicable to the general population.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

$32.00

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. Wessells H, Lue TF, Mc Aninch JW . Penile length in the flaccid and erect states: guidelines for penile augmentation. J Urol 1996; 156: 995–997.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Mondaini N, Ponchietti R, Gontero P, Muir GH, Natali A, Caldarera E et al. Penile length is normal in most men seeking penile lengthening procedures. Int J Impot Res 2002; 14: 283–286.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Son H, Lee H, Huh JS, Kim SW, Paick JS . Studies on self esteem of penile size in young Korean military men. Asian J Androl 2003; 5: 185–189.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Alter GJ . Penis enhancement. AUA Update Series 1996; 15: 93–100.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Schneider T, Sperling H, Lummen G, Syllwasschy J, Rubben H . Does penile size in younger men cause problems in condom use? A prospective measurement of penile dimensions in 111 young and 32 older men. Urology 2001; 57: 314–318.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Ponchietti R, Mondaini N, Bonafe M, Loro FD, Biscioni S, Masieri L . Penile length and circumference: a study on 3300 young Italian males. Eur Urol 2001; 39: 183–186.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Awwad ZM, Abu-Hijleh MO, Basari SN, Shegam NSh, Murshid MS, Ajlouni K . Penile measurements in normal adult Jordanians and in patients with erectile dysfunction. Int J Impot Res 2005; 17: 191–195.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Ajmani ML, Jain SP, Saxena SK . Anthropometric study of male genitalia of 320 healthy Nigerian adults. Anthropol Anz 1985; 43: 179–186.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Chen J, Gefen A, Greenstein A, Matzkin H, Elad D . Predicting penile size during erection. Int J Impot Res 2001; 12: 328–333.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Bondil P, Cost P, Daures JP, Louis JF, Navratil H . Clinical study of the longitudinal deformation of the flaccid penis and of its variations with aging. Eur Urol 1992; 21: 284.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Richters J, Georofi J, Donovan B . Are condoms the right size(s): a method for self measurement of erect penis. Venerology 1995; 8: 77–81.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Kinsey AC, Pomeroy WB, Martin CE . Sexual Behaviour in the Human Male. Sauders: Philadelphia, 1948.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Schonfeld WA, Beebe GW . Normal growth and variation in the male genitalia from birth to maturity. J Urol 1942; 48: 759.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Loeb H . Harnrohrencapacitat und Tripperspritzen. Munch Med Wochenschr 1899; 46: 17.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Da Ros C, Teloken C, Sogari P, Barcelos M, Silva F, Souto C et al. Caucasian penis. What is the normal size? J Urol 1994; 151: 323A.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Smith AM, Jolley D, Hocking J, Benton K, Gerofi J . Does penis size influence condom slippage and breakage? Int J STD AIDS 1998; 9: 444–447.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to K Promodu.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Promodu, K., Shanmughadas, K., Bhat, S. et al. Penile length and circumference: an Indian study. Int J Impot Res 19, 558–563 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijir.3901569

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijir.3901569

Keywords

  • penis
  • penile dimensions
  • penile length
  • penile size
  • short penis

Further reading

Search

Quick links