The two corpora cavernosa (CC) end blindly under cover of the glans penis (GP). The method of attachment of the CC to the GP could not be traced in the literature. The current communication investigated the hypothesis of a ligamentous attachment existing between the two corporal ends and the GP. In all, 18 male cadaveric specimens were studied by direct dissection and histologically. Six were neonates and 12 adults (mean age 32.3±10.6 s.d. y). After examining and photographing the connection between the CC and GP, sagittal, parasagittal, and coronal sections of the connection were stained and studied microscopically. A triangular fibrous tissue band connected the distal blind ends of the two CC with the GP. The base of this band was attached to the tunica albuginea of the two CC, while the apex was continuous with the fibrous septa between the sinusoids of the cavernous tissue of the GP. Microscopically, the ligament consisted of collagen and elastic fibers; in some sections, the collagen fibers of the tunica albuginea were continuous with those of the band. A band of collagen and elastic fibers could be identified connecting the two CC to the GP; we term it the ‘corporo-glans ligament’. This ligament presumably affords the connection with rigidity, flexibility, and tissue strength. We suggest that it firmly connects the GP to the CC during penile thrusting. Further studies are required to assess the possible role of this ligament in erectile dysfunction.
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Margot Yehia and Waltraut Reichelt assisted in the preparation of this manuscript.
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Shafik, A., Shafik, A., Asaad, S. et al. The corporo-glans ligament: description and functional significance of a ligament connecting the corpora cavernosa to the glans penis. Int J Impot Res 16, 220–223 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijir.3901057
- tunica albuginea
- cavernous tissue
- penile thrusting
- erectile dysfunction