Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Epidemiology of Peyronie's disease


Francois Gigot de la Peyronie, surgeon to Louis XV of France, has become synonymous with the rather enigmatic though not uncommon condition of Peyronie's disease (PD), a localized connective tissue disorder of the penile tunica albuginea. The true prevalence of Peyronie's disease is unknown. Therefore, we decided to perform an evaluation of existing epidemiological data. A prevalence rate of 3.2% was determined in male inhabitants of the greater Cologne area. This is much higher than revealed by the data reported up to now, thus rendering the accepted prevalence rates of 0.3% to 1% untenable. The actual prevalence of Peyronie's disease may be even higher, considering many patients' reluctance to report this embarrassing condition to their physicians. Along these lines, most clinicians note that the number of Peyronie's patients has increased since the advent of oral sildenafil. Comparably high prevalences are known for diabetes and urolithiasis, suggesting a greater frequency of this rare disease than formerly believed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1
Figure 2


  1. Dunsmuir WD, Kirby RS . Francois de La Peyronie (1678–1747): the man and the disease he described Br J Urol 1996 78: 613–622

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Byström J, Rubio C . Induratio penis plastica (Peyronie's disease). Clinical features and etiology Scand J Urol Nephrol 1976 10: 12–20

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Gelbard MK, Dorey F, James J . The natural history of Peyronie's disease J Urol 1990 144: 1376–1379

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Devine CJ, Somers KD, Jordan GH, Schlossberg SM . Proposal: trauma as the cause of the Peyronie's lesion J Urol 1997 157: 285–290

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Jarow JP, Lowe FC . Penile trauma: an etiologic factor in Peyronie's disease and erectile dysfunction J Urol 1997 158: 1388–1390

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Wahl SM . Inflammation and growth factors J Urol 1997 157: 303–305

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Ralph DJ et al. The genetic and bacteriological aspects of Peyronie's disease J Urol 1997 157: 291–294

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Chilton CP, Westwood WM, Pryor JP . Factors associated in the aetiology of Peyronie's disease Br J Urol 1982 54: 748–750

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Carrieri MP et al. A case–control study on risk factors for Peyronie's disease J Clin Epidemiol 1998 51: 511–515

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Schneider HJ, Rugendorff EW, Röhrborn C . Pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy of Induratio penis plastica (IPP) Int Urol Nephrol 1985 17: 235–244

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Polkey HJ . Induratio penis plastica Urol Cut Rev 1928 32: 287–308

    Google Scholar 

  12. Urologia. International inquiry on the therapy of Induratio penis plastica Trevisco 1966 33: Fasc.II

  13. Ludvik W, Wasserburger K . Die Radiumbehandlung der Induratio penis plastica Z Urol Nephrol 1968 61: 319–325

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. Lindsay MB et al. The incidence of Peyronie's disease in Rochester, Minnesota, 1950 through 1984 J Urol 1991 146: 1007–1009

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Devine CJ Jr . Editorial International conference on Peyronie's disease J Urol 1997 157: 272–275

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Darling CA, Davidson JK Sr, Conway-Welch C . Female ejaculation: perceived origins, the Grafenberg spot area, and sexual responsiveness Arch Sex Behav 1990 19: 29–47

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Smith BH . Subclinical Peyronie's disease Am J Clin Path 1969 52: 385–390

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Shaw K, Puri K, Ruiz-Deya G, Hellstrom WJG . Racial considerations in the evaluation of Peyronie's disease J Urol 2001 165: 170: 687A

  19. Hauck EW, Heitz M, Schreiter F, Weidner W . Induratio penis plastica. Peyronie's disease Akt Urol 1999 30: 386–404

    Google Scholar 

  20. Weidner W, Schroeder-Printzen I, Weiske WH, Vosshenrich P . Sexual dysfunction in Peyronie's disease: an analysis of 222 patients without previous local plaque therapy J Urol 1997 157: 325–328

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Chilton CP, Castle WM, Westwood CA, Pryor JP . Factors associated in the aetiology of Peyronie's disease Br J Urol 1982 54: 748

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Hinman F Jr . Etiologic factors in Peyronie's disease Urol Int 1980 35: 407

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Williams JL, Thomas GG . The natural history of Peyronie's disease Proc Roy Soc Med 1968 61: 876

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to F Sommer.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Sommer, F., Schwarzer, U., Wassmer, G. et al. Epidemiology of Peyronie's disease. Int J Impot Res 14, 379–383 (2002).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • epidemiology
  • Peyronie's disease
  • penile induration
  • Cologne questionnaire

This article is cited by


Quick links