Breathing room for early animals

Did an increase in atmospheric oxygen concentration some time during the Neoproterozoic era, 1,000 to 543 million years ago, make possible the diversification of multicellular animals?

References

  1. 1

    Runnegar, B. J. Geol. Soc. Austral. 29, 395–411 (1982).

  2. 2

    Doolite, R. F., Feng, D.-F., Tsang, T., Cho, G. & Little, E. Science 271, 470–477 (1996).

  3. 3

    Davidson, E. H., Peterson, K. J. & Cameron, R. A. Science 270, 1319–1325 (1995).

  4. 4

    Knoll, A. H., Hayes, J. M., Kaufman, A. J., Swett, K. & Lambert, I. B. Nature 321, 832–838 (1986).

  5. 5

    Des Marais, D. J., Strauss, H., Summons, R. E. & Hayes, J. M. Nature 359, 605–609 (1992).

  6. 6

    Kaufman, A. J. & Knoll, A. H. Precambr. Res. 73, 27–49 (1995).

  7. 7

    Canfield, D. E. & Teske, A. Nature 382, 127–132 (1996).

  8. 8

    Canfield, D. E. & Thamdrup, B. Science 266, 1973–1975 (1994).

  9. 9

    Ross, G. M., Bloch, J. D. & Krause, H. R. Precambr. Res. 73, 71–99 (1995).

  10. 10

    Strauss, H. Precambr. Res. 63, 225–246 (1993).

  11. 11

    Moran, N. A. Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93, 2873–2878 (1996).

  12. 12

    Krueger, D. M., Gustafson, R. G. & Cavanaugh, C. M. Biol. Bull. 190, 195–202 (1996).

  13. 13

    Cary, S. C. Molec. mar. Biol. Biotech. 3, 121–130 (1994).

  14. 14

    Ochmann, H. & Wilson, A. C. J. molec. Evol. 26, 74–86 (1987).

  15. 15

    Logan, G. A., Hayes, J. M., Hieshima, G. B. & Summons, R. E. Nature 376, 53–56 (1995).

  16. 16

    Holland, H. D. & Beukes, N. J. Am. J. Sci. 290A, 1–34 (1990).

  17. 17

    Hofmann, H. J., Narbonne, G. M. & Aitken, J. D. Geology 18, 1119–1202 (1990).

  18. 18

    Knoll, A. H., Bambach, R. K., Canfield, D. E. & Grotzinger, J. P. Science (in the press).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Knoll, A. Breathing room for early animals. Nature 382, 111–112 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1038/382111a0

Download citation

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.