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Long-period volcano seismicity: its source and use in eruption forecasting

Abstract

At an active volcano, long-period seismicity (with typical periods in the range 0.2–2 s) reflects pressure fluctuations resulting from unsteady mass transport in the sub-surface plumbing system, and hence provides a glimpse of the internal dynamics of the volcanic edifice. When this activity occurs at shallow depths, it may signal the pressure-induced disruption of the steam-dominated region of the volcano, and can accordingly be a useful indicator of impending eruption.

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Chouet, B. Long-period volcano seismicity: its source and use in eruption forecasting. Nature 380, 309–316 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1038/380309a0

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