Review Article | Published:

The first 85 million years of avian evolution

Nature volume 378, pages 349355 (23 November 1995) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

More than half of the evolutionary history of birds is played out in the Mesozoic. A recent burst of fossil discoveries has documented a tremendous diversity of early avians. Clarification of the Phylogenetic structure of this diversity has provided clues for a better understanding of the evolution of functional, developmental and physiological characteristics of modern birds. Yet their long Mesozoic history is only beginning to be deciphered.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    Hecht, M. K., Ostrom, J. H., Viohl, G. & Wellnhofer, P. (eds) The Beginnings of Birds (Jura Museum, Eichstätt, 1985).

  2. 2.

    Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 8, 91–182 (1976).

  3. 3.

    Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci. 8, 1–55 (1986).

  4. 4.

    in Origin of the Higher Groups of Tetrapods (eds Schultze, H.-D. & Trueb, L.) 427–466 (Comstock, Ithaca, 1991).

  5. 5.

    in Perspectives in Ornithology (eds Bush, A. H. & Clark, G. A. Jr) 291–338 (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1983).

  6. 6.

    in Origin of the Higher Groups of Tetrapods (eds Schultze, H.-D. & Trueb, L.) 485–540 (Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, 1991).

  7. 7.

    in Origin of the Higher Groups of Tetrapods (eds Schultze, H.-D. & Trueb, L.) 541–576 (Comstock, Ithaca, 1991).

  8. 8.

    & Naturwissenschaften 80, 564–566 (1993).

  9. 9.

    Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B332, 277–346 (1991).

  10. 10.

    Palaeovertebrata (Mem. Extraor.) 1–141 (1974).

  11. 11.

    , , , & Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B336, 113–134 (1992).

  12. 12.

    & J. Vert. Paleont. 14, 230–246 (1994).

  13. 13.

    Nature 353, 212 (1991).

  14. 14.

    & J. Paleont. 58, 178–184 (1984).

  15. 15.

    Korean Pictorial 2, 25 (1994) (in Japanese).

  16. 16.

    in Short Papers, IV Symp. Mes. Terrestr. Ecosyst. (eds Sun, A. & Wang, Y.) 193–201 (China Ocean, Beijing, 1995).

  17. 17.

    , , & Nature 377, 616–618 (1995).

  18. 18.

    & Cretaceous Res. 15, 333–365 (1994).

  19. 19.

    Q. Rev. Biol. 49, 27–47 (1974).

  20. 20.

    Res. Explor. 8, 387–388 (1992).

  21. 21.

    & Science 203, 1021–1022 (1979).

  22. 22.

    Science 259, 790–793 (1993).

  23. 23.

    & Nature 278, 247–248 (1979).

  24. 24.

    Evolution 47, 336–340 (1993).

  25. 25.

    in Avian Biology Vol. 8 (eds Farner, D. S., King, J. & Parkes, K. C.) 79–238 (Academic, New York, 1985).

  26. 26.

    Vert. Paleont. 5, 177–179 (1985).

  27. 27.

    & Sci. Ser. nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co. 36, 29–37 (1992).

  28. 28.

    , & Solnhofen: A Study In Mesozoic Paleontology (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1990).

  29. 29.

    , , & Nature 362, 623–626 (1993).

  30. 30.

    Ibis 92, 1–21 (1950).

  31. 31.

    in Avian Biology (eds Farner, D. S. & King, J. R.) 19–55 (Academic, New York, 1971).

  32. 32.

    Contrib. Sci. nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co. 330, 3–8 (1980).

  33. 33.

    Estud. Geol. 45, 417–425 (1989).

  34. 34.

    & Sci. Ser. nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co. 36, 39–49 (1992).

  35. 35.

    , & Am. Mus. Nov. 3133, 1–23 (1995).

  36. 36.

    & Science 255, 845–848 (1992).

  37. 37.

    , & Chinese Sci. Bull. 37, 1365–1368 (1992).

  38. 38.

    & Vert. PalAs. 31, 217–224 (1993) (in Chinese).

  39. 39.

    & Sci. Ser. nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co. 36, 51–64 (1992).

  40. 40.

    Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 181, 55–63 (1995).

  41. 41.

    Cretaceous Res. 6, 271–278 (1985).

  42. 42.

    Paleobiology 12, 383–399 (1986).

  43. 43.

    United States Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel 1–201 (Government Printing Office, Washington, 1880).

  44. 44.

    Russ. J. Ornithol. 1, 7–50 (1993) (in Russian).

  45. 45.

    in Short Papers, IV Symp. Mes. Terrestr. Ecosyst. (eds Sun, A. & Wang, Y.) 203–208 (China Ocean, Beijing, 1995).

  46. 46.

    Can. J. Earth Sci. 11, 1335–1338 (1974).

  47. 47.

    & J. Vert. Paleont. 11, 90–107 (1991).

  48. 48.

    Syst. Zool. 31, 35–56 (1982).

  49. 49.

    Postilla 207, 1–20 (1991).

  50. 50.

    & Ameghiniana 32, 57–61 (1995).

  51. 51.

    Vert. Paleontol. 12, 122–124 (1992).

  52. 52.

    Acta. XIII Congr. Int. Ornithol. 55–70 (1963).

  53. 53.

    & Smith. Contr. Paleobiol. 63, 1–22 (1987).

  54. 54.

    & Sci. Sin. 27, 1296–1302 (1984).

  55. 55.

    & Trav. Mus. d'Hist. Nat. Grigore Antipa 28, 289–295 (1986).

  56. 56.

    , , , & Am. Mus. Nov. 3105, 1–29 (1994).

  57. 57.

    Internatnl symp. Gond. Dinos. Mem. Queens. Mus. (Trelew, 1994).

  58. 58.

    J. Vert. Paleont. 14, 480–519 (1994).

  59. 59.

    Rev. Mus. Arg. Cien. Nat. “Bernardino Rivadavia” (Paleont.) 4, 17–123 (1991) (in Spanish).

  60. 60.

    , & Internatnl symp. Gond. Dinos. Mem. Queens. Mus. (Trelew, 1994).

  61. 61.

    C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 319, 299–308 (1994).

  62. 62.

    Living Bird 13, 28–33 (1994).

  63. 63.

    in Major Features in Vertebrate Evolution (convs Prothero, D. R. & Schoch, R. M.) Short Course in Paleontology, Vol. 7, 160–177 (1994).

  64. 64.

    & Maps Digest 17, 190–196 (1994).

  65. 65.

    , & C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 320, 1031–1032 (1995).

  66. 66.

    Nature 292, 51–53 (1981).

  67. 67.

    Palaeont. Pol. 37, 153–165 (1977).

  68. 68.

    , & Nature 368, 196–197 (1994).

  69. 69.

    Alcheringa 15, 333–338 (1991).

  70. 70.

    Science 267, 637–638 (1995).

  71. 71.

    Auk 103, 125–129 (1987).

  72. 72.

    Curr. Ornitnol. 10, 275–366 (1993).

  73. 73.

    , & Paleobiology 21 (in the press).

  74. 74.

    & Am. Sci. 83, 174–180 (1995).

  75. 75.

    , & Science 247, 195–198 (1990).

  76. 76.

    Campbell, B. & Lack, E. (eds) A Dictionary of Birds (Buteo, Vermillion, 1985).

  77. 77.

    Acta XVIII Congr. Int. Ornithol. 1, 178–183 (1985).

  78. 78.

    et al. Science 266, 779–782 (1994).

  79. 79.

    Prosser, C. L. (ed.) Comparative Animal Physiology (Saunders, New York, 1973).

  80. 80.

    Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 112, 389–397 (1994).

  81. 81.

    Evolution 45, 1–17 (1991).

  82. 82.

    in Functional Morphology in Vertebrate Paleontology (ed. Thomason, J.) 219–234 (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1995).

  83. 83.

    Paleobiology 21, 92–109 (1995).

  84. 84.

    in Extinction and Phytogeny (eds Novacek, M. J. & Wheeler, Q. D.) 89–118 (Columbia Univ. Press, New York. 1992).

  85. 85.

    et al. Geophys. Res. 99, 24,051–24,074 (1994).

  86. 86.

    in The Phylogeny and Classification of the Tetrapods Volume 1: Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds (ed. Benton, M. J.) 339–361 (Clarendon, Oxford, 1988).

  87. 87.

    & Science 255, 1690–1693 (1992).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Vertebrate Paleontology and the Department of Ornithology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, New York 10024, USA.

    • Luis M. Chiappe

Authors

  1. Search for Luis M. Chiappe in:

About this article

Publication history

Published

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/378349a0

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.