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A protein-tyrosine phosphatase with sequence similarity to the SH2 domain of the protein-tyrosine kinases

Naturevolume 352pages736739 (1991) | Download Citation

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  • A Correction to this article was published on 31 October 1991

Abstract

THE phosphorylation of proteins at tyrosine residues is critical in cellular signal transduction, neoplastic transformation and control of the mitotic cycle1. These mechanisms are regulated by the activities of both protein-tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases)2. As in the PTKs, there are two classes of PTPases: membrane associated, receptor-like enzymes3–5 and soluble proteins3,6,7. Here we report the isolation of a complementary DNA clone encoding a new form of soluble PTPase, PTP1C. The enzyme possesses a large noncatalytic region at the N terminus which unexpectedly contains two adjacent copies of the Src homology region 2 (the SH2 domain) found in various nonreceptor PTKs8 and other cytoplasmic signalling proteins9–11. As with other SH2 sequences, the SH2 domains of PTP1C formed high-affinity complexes with the activated epidermal growth factor receptor and other phosphotyrosine-containing proteins. These results suggest that the SH2 regions in FTP 1C may interact with other cellular components to modulate its own phosphatase activity against interacting substrates. PTPase activity may thus directly link growth factor receptors and other signalling proteins through protein-tyrosine phosphorylation.

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Author notes

  1. Barry I. Posner: Polypeptide Hormone Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Royal Victoria Hospital and McGill University, 3640 University Street, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3A 2B2

Affiliations

  1. Section of Molecular Genetics, Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council of Canada, 6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montréal, Québec, Canada, H4P 2R2

    • Shi-Hsiang Shen
    • , Lison Bastien
    • , Barry I. Posner
    •  & Pierre Chrétien

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https://doi.org/10.1038/352736a0

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