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Ancient oceans, ice sheets and the hydrological cycle on Mars

Nature volume 352, pages 589594 (15 August 1991) | Download Citation

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Abstract

A variety of anomalous geomorphological features on Mars can be explained by a conceptual scheme involving episodic ocean and ice-sheet formation. The formation of valley networks early in Mars' history is evidence for a long-term hydrological cycle, which may have been associated with the existence of a persistent ocean. Cataclysmic flooding, triggered by extensive Tharsis volcanism, subsequently led to repeated ocean formation and then dissipation on the northern plains, and associated glaciation in the southern highlands until relatively late in martian history.

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA

    • V. R. Baker
    • , R. G. Strom
    • , V. C. Gulick
    • , J. S. Kargel
    •  & G. Komatsu
  2. Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA

    • V. C. Gulick
  3. Department of Geography, University of Poona, Pune 411 007, India

    • V. S. Kale

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